Ghosts in the Machine: 12 Coding Languages That Never Took Off

“Whether it’s infighting among creators, bad marketing, new technologies, or just plain being crummy, there are almost as many reasons why coding languages didn’t become popular as there are programming languages.” The article examines ALGOL 68, Befunge, REBOL, ColdFusion, brainf*ck, Java2k, INTERCAL, VRML, SMIL, Haskell, Delphi and PowerBuilder.